Advent, which is the beginning of the Church Year, begins on the fourth Sunday before Christmas and lasts through Christmas Eve. Advent, which means “coming” or “arrival,” is a season when the Church reflects upon God’s promise to come to his people to save them. We look back to the First Advent of Jesus and look ahead to his Second Advent.
An Advent Wreath is often used to symbolize the season. The wreath contains four candles, one for each Sunday. An additional candle is lit each Sunday, so that by the fourth Sunday all four candles are lit. Three of these candles are purple and one is rose. At the center is a fifth candle, the white Christ Candle, which is lit on Christmas Day. The first candle and the first Sunday represent expectation and hope and are often linked to the prophetic promises of the Old Testament. The third Sunday, represented by the rose candle, is Gaudete Sunday, and is a call to rejoice (gaudete) in anticipation of God’s imminent arrival.
Here are some readings to guide you through the season.
The Sunday readings are drawn from the Revised Common Lectionary Year C. Each Sunday has four readings: Old Testament, Psalm (or other canticle), Epistle and Gospel. The Gospel is the primary reading, supported by the other three. The Gospel readings progress through three major themes of Advent:
- readiness for Christ’s second coming (Sunday 1)
- the ministry of John the Baptist in preparing the way for Jesus (2-3)
- the annunciation of the birth of Jesus (4).
The weekday readings progress through:
- God’s promises to come to his people and to provide a son (week 1)
- the preparatory ministry of John the Baptist (week 2)
- The annunciation and birth of Jesus (week 3)
- the apostolic teaching about the incarnation (week 4).
|First Sunday of Advent: Dec 2||Weekday readings|
|Jeremiah 33:14-16||T||Isaiah 62:1-12|
|Psalm 25:1-10||W||Isaiah 35:1-10|
|1 Thessalonians 3:9-13||T||Isaiah 7:1-7|
|Luke 21:25-36||F||Isaiah 9:1-7|
|Second Sunday of Advent: Dec 9||Weekday readings|
|Malachi 3:1-4||T||Luke 1:57-80|
|Luke 1:68-79||W||Luke 3:1-20|
|Philippians 3:1-11||T||John 1:1-18|
|Luke 3:1-6||F||John 1:19-34|
|Third Sunday of Advent: Dec 16||Weekday readings|
|Zephaniah 3:14-20||T||Luke 1:39-56|
|Isaiah 12:2-6||W||Luke 2:1-7; Matthew 1:18-25|
|Philippians 4:4-7||T||Luke 2:8-21|
|Luke 3:7-18||F||Matthew 2:1-12|
|Fourth Sunday of Advent: Dec 23||Weekday readings|
|Psalm 80:1-7||M||Philippians 2:1-11|